#CrimeStats: SAPS irregular expenditure increases by almost 3000%

On Wednesday, in a presentation to Parliament’s Committee on Police, the Auditor-General (A-G) revealed that irregular expenditure at the South African Police Services (SAPS) increased from R33 million in the last financial year, to R996 million for the 2018/19 financial year. This is a 2918% increase in expenditure, which was not in accordance with any SAPS requirements or any applicable legislation.

In light of the release of the 2018/19 crime stats on Thursday, it now is crystal clear why the SAPS is dismally failing in keeping South Africans safe. Clearly, the police service has been infiltrated by crooks and incompetence that is corrupting the system from the inside.

The crime stats revealed that an average of 57.5 people are murdered every day in South Africa, with a murder rate which has increased by 3.4%. The police are also losing the battle against gender-based violence, total sexual offences increased by 4.6% with the sub-category of sexual assault increasing by 9.6%. The average for total crime detected as a result of police action has declined by 21.8%

These statistics, compounded by the alarming increase in irregular expenditure is a clear indication that SAPS needs to get its house in order. The A-G stated that “we were not able to quantify the full extent of the irregular expenditure amount.” Meaning that the extent of the financial mismanagement goes much deeper.

The almost 3000% increase also follows the 2019 Analysis of Corruption Trends Report, which revealed that for the first time, corruption in our police sector has overtaken other public sectors such as the schooling and health sector as well as local government. This report illustrated that SAPS ‘corruption’ now accounts for almost 10% of all reported corruption in South Africa.

The failure of SAPS to function effectively in both these regards has been attributed to the following reasons, as stated by the Auditor-General:

  •  Lack of accountability of personnel, which has resulted in slow response to findings and action not being taken against transgressors in the police force;
  •  Instability in key positions, posing significant challenges to the operations of several departments;
  • Ineffective investigations allow repeat transgressors not to be held accountable; and,
  • Improper record keeping of information to support financial and performance reporting.

The increase in irregular expenditure by SAPS by R963 million in the past financial year, and its heightened levels of corruption, is an indictment on our national government. The people’s money needs to be used to protect citizens, and to create an honest and professional police service – not to be squandered by millions at a time, in an institution clearly besieged with corruption.

The DA has called for the portfolio committee to establish a dashboard to monitor the SAPS audit action plan to ensure SAPS management is implementing the AG’s recommendations.

These crime statistics and irregular expenditure is indicative of the systematic collapse of the SAPS and will only contribute to citizens losing faith in our criminal justice system, making them feel unsafe in their homes and communities. Extreme and immediate action needs to be taken in order to start keeping our citizens safe.

#CrimeStats: SAPS is losing the battle against Gender-Based Violence, murder

The release of the annual crime statistics for 2018/2019 today is serious cause for alarm as it paints a bleak picture of chaos in the country’s frontline law enforcement agency, which is losing the battle against crime. Of particular concern is the murder rate which is the highest it has been in 10 years, with an average of 57.5 people being murdered a day in South Africa, and a murder rate which has increased by 3.4%.

The police are also losing the battle against gender-based violence, total sexual offences increased by 4.6% with the sub-category of sexual assault increasing by 9.6%.

These crime statistics are an indictment on SAPS and clearly indicates that the police and ANC government are unable to keep our communities safe. These blood-chilling statistics and the victims behind the numbers pour cold water on President Cyril Ramaphosa’s promise to halve violent crime in the next 10 years.

Given poor resource allocation, corruption, poor training, a collapsed intelligence division, and a lack of leadership, it is difficult to believe that SAPS and the ANC government have what it takes to restore order and keep communities safe.

Minister Bheki Cele and President Ramaphosa must take full, personal responsibility for these horrific crime trends as these crime statistics are up until the end of March 2019. This means that they presided over the full 12 months of these horrific acts of violence and crime which terrorised our nation.

All efforts to attract investment, create jobs and build a working and inclusive economy, will be done in vain if we cannot control the unacceptable levels of crime which affects all communities and businesses.

Other shocking statistics revealed today include:

  • An average of 113.9 rapes are reported a day, reflecting an increase in 3.9%
  • Murder and sexual offences against children have both increases by 2.9% and 3.8% respectively
  • Children make up 46.5% of all reported sexual assault in South Africa
  • 69.8% of all sexual offences committed are against women
  • Drug related crimes detected as a result of police action has declined by 28.1%
  • Possession of firearms and ammunition detected by police has decreased by 10.4%
  • The average for total crime detected as a result of police action has declined by 21.8%
  • Weekend murders contribute to over 60% of all murders

These statistics will only contribute to citizens losing faith in our criminal justice system, making them feel unsafe in their homes and communities. Extreme and immediate action needs to be taken in order to start keeping our citizens safe.

SAPS needs a complete overhaul to root out corruption and incompetence in order to restore trust in the police.

Only an honest and professional police service will keep our communities safe from violent crime. Any police officer found guilty of corruption must get 15 years in jail, and we need to retrain the honest police officers we do have. Police need to display extreme professionalism in dealing with victims of crime and we need higher police visibility in crime ridden areas.

DA requests that VBS officials be put on job-hopping watchlist

The Democratic Alliance (DA) is of the view that the Department of Cooperative Governance and Traditional Affairs (COGTA) should publish a precautionary watchlist of all Municipal Managers and chief financial officers (CFOs) who were either involved or implicated in the VBS Mutual Bank heist. This will discourage municipal councils from appointing senior officials who have resigned from another municipality in order to buck disciplinary consequences.

On Wednesday, the DA learnt that a second former CFO from a North West Municipality involved in the VBS scandal reappeared as a Municipal Manager in Limpopo. Parliament’s Standing Committee on Public Accounts is currently conducting hearings into delinquent municipalities. One of them is Madibeng in the North West which invested R50 million with VBS. Morris Maluleka, the municipality’s former CFO, has now reemerged as the  Municipal Manager of the Waterberg District Municipality in Limpopo.

It is inconceivable that a municipal CFO would have been unaware of an investment of this size and (that) municipal deposits in mutual banks are (a) contravention of the Municipal Finance Management Act. Yet when an investigative report into the matter was tabled in the Madibeng municipal council in August 2018 it was three of Maluleka’s deputies, instead of the former CFO himself, that were suspended. By this time Maluleka had ascended to the position of acting municipal manager of Madibeng. In January this year he started his work as top official of the Waterberg District.

Maluleka is not the only VBS escape artist from the North West.Nancy Rampedi resigned as CFO of Moretele Municipality before her role in the VBS scandal could be scrutinised. She was then appointed Municipal Manager of the Makhuduthamaga municipality, also in Limpopo.

The cases of Maluleka and Rampedi have exposed massive defects in municipal recruitment regulations. If it has been this easy for them to find re-employment, despite their checkered pasts, other VBS Municipal Managers and CFOs will surely follow suit.

COGTA does currently keep a list of senior municipal officials who have been dismissed for misconduct to prevent them from job-hopping to another municipality. However,  implicated officials tend to resign before disciplinary processes against them can be finalised. This renders disciplinary systems largely useless, and allows incompetent and potentially corrupt officials from being “redeployed” elsewhere.

The DA will write to the Minister of Cooperative Governance and Traditional Affairs, Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, to propose that her department compile and publish a formal list of senior municipal officials who have resigned before their disciplinary hearings have been completed. Municipal councils can then be warned about delinquent job-hoppers.

But an extraordinary list of this nature, of all Municipal Managers and CFOs of the 14 municipalities that deposited funds in VBS, is required given the syndicated nature of this looting spree. This arrangement should stand until all investigations into municipal VBS deposits have been finalised. Municipal managers and CFOs who have already jumped ship must be held to account by the municipal councils where they now work. It cannot be that they are rewarded for putting entire municipalities at risk.

The DA trusts that Minister Dlamini-Zuma heads to our call as it will indicate whether she is serious about cleaning out the rot in municipalities.

Criminal justice and oversight institutions dragging their feet in dealing with ‘high-profile’ corruption cases

South Africa’s law enforcement agencies seem to have no appetite to take action against politicians who have been implicated in corruption and mismanagement – despite damning evidence against them at various commissions and in explosive investigative reports.

With all the hard-hitting evidence already presented and in the public domain, the investigations and arrest of people implicated in State Capture and corruption would send a clear message to the public – that rogue elements have no place in our society.

While the SAPS, the NPA and Parliament drag their feet in holding the politically connected few accountable – foreign investment dries up and economic growth stagnates due to perceptions that South Africa is lenient on corruption and maladministration, especially when those implicated are deemed to be high-profile politicians and business people.

Worse, the public begins to lose faith in these systems, which ultimately is yet another contributing factor to the social unrest in the country, where South Africans believe that justice only comes when matters are taken into their own hands.

Over the past year alone, the Democratic Alliance has laid numerous criminal charges and complaints with the police and Parliament against various politically connected individuals, including:

  • 17 July 2018: DA lays criminal charges against Ace Magashule at Parys SAPD under Section 2 of the Inquest Act for failure to report an alleged murder to the SAPD (Ace claimed that HOD, Sandile Msibi was poisoned).
  • 03 September 2018 – Reported Vincent Smit to Joint Ethics Committee for breach of Parliamentary code of conduct over relationship with Bosasa.
  • 14 September 2018 – Criminal charges against ANC officials over alleged Bosasa kickbacks.
  • 3 October 2018 – Charges of perjury against Minister Bathabile Dlamini at the Johannesburg Central Police Station.
  • 31 October 2018 – Criminal charges against Minister of Health, Zweli Mkhize, in terms of the Prevention and Combating of Corrupt Activities Act and Section 6 of the Prevention of Organised Crime Act (POCA) following reports that he had allegedly siphoned a R2 million ‘donation’ from Vele Investments, in 2016 during his tenure as ANC treasurer-general, in return for his help in raising funds from municipalities and state institutions.
  • 16 November 2018: DA lays criminal charges against Supra Mahumapelo for abusing his position to facilitate investing the people’s money in VBS bank
  • In 22 November 2018 – Criminal charges against the EFF’s Julius Malema, Floyd Shivambu and the party itself, following allegations that the party, through corrupt means, received R1.8 million from VBS Mutual Bank.
  • 3 March 2019 – Aproached Adv. Shamila Batohi, in writing,to request that she proceeds with haste in charging the ANC – as a collective organisation – with the crimes of fraud, corruption, money laundering and racketeering as per the Prevention of Organised Crime Act 121 of 1998 (“POCA” act).
  • 7 April 2019 – Laid charges with SAPS on evidence of how the ANC was conspiring to instigate violence by coordinating plans with local affiliates on the ground to embark on violent protest actions, and sow anarchy during the election.
  • 11 September 2019 – Reported Julius Malema to Parliament’s committee on Ethics and Members’ Interests, in order for this committee to investigate his non-compliance with the code of conduct of Parliament, and the rules and regulations regarding disclosure of interests following revelations that he might have benefited from looted VBS funds.
  • The DA calls for, among other things, the reinstitution of charges against the accused in the Estina dairy matter, ensuring that former president Zuma’s application for a permanent stay of prosecution is vigorously opposed, and taking urgent steps to secure the extradition of members of the Gupta family in order to face justice in South Africa.

Hitherto, not  a single of the cases brought against high-ranking officials and politicians has a docket, has been referred to the NPA for criminal prosecution or has an update given to the ethics committee in Parliament.

The failure to act on these charges sends a clear message to the public that the “New Dawn” is a farce.

The truth is there has been no change in the ANC since the election of Cyril Ramaphosa as President . The Ramaphosa -administration simply is not serious about rooting out corruption and holding those involved to account.

There has been much fanfare around taking corruption head-on with little to action taken, even in the face of strong evidence being presented.

If we cannot guarantee that the people’s money and investment into the economy will not be squandered, we cannot forget about restoring public order and trust, and building a strong and inclusive economy that benefits all.

The DA believes law enforcement agencies have all the evidence they need to investigate and prosecute those implicated in wrongdoing and to prosecute them to the fullest extent of the law.

Parliament should pick up the pace on Mgidlana now

The Democratic Alliance (DA) welcomes the announcement by the Speaker of the National Assembly, Thandi Modise, that a disciplinary committee found suspended Secretary of Parliament, Gengezi Mgidlana, guilty on four counts of serious misconduct. Parliament must now pick up its feet, and the pace, and move the matter through both houses of Parliament with great urgency.

The errant Mgidlana was first placed on suspension in June 2017, with quite serious charges leveled against him, including that he had improperly allocated study benefits, was frequently absent from work, and showered himself with luxury vehicles and five star accommodations at tax payers’ expense while living it up overseas.

Disciplinary proceedings against Mgidlana dragged on for more than two years, shrouded in great secrecy despite numerous appeals to Parliament by the DA to lift the veil and allow the committee on the Financial Management of Parliament insight into and oversight over the matter. All of this was at the cost of ordinary South Africans, whose taxes kept paying Mgidlana’s handsome salary throughout this period. A great concern of the DA had been that the Fifth Parliament will be disbanded before the matter had been concluded, which turned out to be the case.

The DA will now write to the Speaker to request that the matter be placed on the order paper of the National Assembly to be dealt with before the end of the year, so that the Sixth Parliament can finally put the era of Mgidlana behind us.

The DA will also request that Parliament as a matter of urgency look into steps to recover the wasted funds from Mgidlana, and carefully scrutinise the report – once it is tabled in Parliament – to determine the possibility of laying criminal charges against Mgidlana.

The DA will continue to fight hard to ensure that Parliament manages the public’s money in a responsible and transparent fashion, and that corrupt officials are dealt with in a zero tolerance manner.

DA welcomes UK’s post-BREXIT trade agreement with South Africa

The Democratic Alliance (DA) welcomes the announcement by the Minister of Trade & Industry, Ebrahim Patel, that South Africa, along with five other African countries have concluded a post-BREXIT trade deal with the United Kingdom (UK), after it leaves the European Union.

This agreement is effectively the same deal that allowed South African businesses and farmers to trade with the UK through the European Partnership Agreement which gives us preferential access to these markets, duty free.

While this deal is a welcome sigh of relief for our ailing economy – especially for our agricultural and financial sectors – it still remains vitally important that Minister Patel accedes to the DA’s call to table an Executive Members statement in Parliament. This will allow all political parties to express themselves on this matter as it will be Parliament that will ultimately have to ratify this agreement.

South Africa currently exports R140 billion worth of goods to the UK, R10 billon of which comes from the Western Cape from industries such as fruit and wine. Additionally, this deal will support more than 175 000 jobs.

The DA believes that this agreement will give the business community the confidence it needs to invest in long term production and capacity which will result in increased jobs.

We trust that this agreement will provide a perfect platform to keep the status quo into the future and will allow South Africa to build on future trade negations with the UK to widen our ability to export to this market, especially in agricultural products like beef and poultry.

DA submits hate speech complaint against Magashule at the Equality Court

I have today submitted an affidavit at the Equality Court in Bloemfontein with a request that the Court consider my request to instruct Mr Ace Magashule and the ANC under whose auspices these statements were made, to individually or jointly call a press conference in which they apologise unconditionally for the damage caused by branding white South African citizens as being foreigners who should be subjected to violence. Neither the President of the ANC Mr Cyril Ramaphosa, nor the ANC as a political party that regards itself as non-racial in terms of the Freedom Charter, have made any statements condemning these racist comments.

On 5 September 2019, the Secretary-General of the African National Congress (ANC) Mr Ace Magashule delivered a speech at a South African Student Congress (SASCO) rally at the Tshwane University of Technology (TUT), amid the ongoing violence that is directed at foreign nationals from other African states residing in the South Africa. During his address he made, among others, the following comments (see video here): “…You must never despise people who have the same skin colour with us. Their colour whether it’s people from Mozambique or Angola or Nigeria or anywhere in the 54 countries in Africa you must know you are from Africa. Because there are many others with whitish colour you don’t know them they are there, you see them all the time, but you can’t say this one ke le kwerekwere (offensive term for foreigners), this one comes from somewhere else. They are here in this country. They have never been attacked and they are so-called foreigners because their colour is white. And you must understand why Africans must unite is because the whites don’t want Africa to come together…

In my affidavit to the Equality Court in Bloemfontein, I indicate that we regard this as hate speech and incitement to commit violence against white people in terms of both the Equality Act (No. 4 of 2000) and Section 16 of the Constitution. I also regard the language as racist in nature. There can be no doubt that the purpose of the statement is to brand white South African citizens as being foreigners who should be subjected to similar violence as that which has been meted out to foreign nationals in South Africa recently. Furthermore, these statements are regarded as a deliberate attempt to make white South African citizens a target of contempt in the broader community.

In a transitional society that is grappling with entrenching the principles of democracy and racial tolerance, the Courts have a very important role to play in determining acceptable rules of behaviour and interaction among groups and individuals in South Africa. The responsibility of setting an example to the rest of society falls on the shoulders of all leaders in our communities, especially political leaders in the governing party. It is a shame that Magashule abused an opportunity to address young people as platform to propagate hate speech.

The DA has a sound track record of defending the rights and freedoms of all South Africans, that includes the right to be protected from harm. We will continue to do this in a manner that promotes our diversity and non-racism and entrenches a democratic political culture in our country.

No DNA Record for 46 727 Schedule 8 offenders: Minister Cele must urgently send Forensic Procedures Bill to Parliament

The Democratic Alliance (DA) has today written to the Minister of Police, Bheki Cele, requesting the urgent prioritisation of the tabling of the Draft Criminal Law (Forensic Procedures) Bill. This piece of legislation presents an immediate step that can be taken in our fight against Gender Based Violence in South Africa, by providing the mechanisms needed to ensure repeat offenders are incarcerated speedily and effectively.

This Draft Bill will allow for DNA samples to continue to be taken from offenders convicted in terms of Schedule 8 of the Criminal Procedure Act, which includes sexual offenders. This would ensure that SAPS is able to speedily identify any repeat offences should these individuals be released back into society. There are currently no DNA samples recorded for over 46 000 convicted Schedule 8 offenders.

All that is required for the Bill to be gazetted and introduced in Parliament is the Minister’s signature since 2017. The Minister of Police has stated that he first wishes to gather DNA samples from all South African citizens – a step which is both unconstitutional in nature and is wholly unnecessary for the tabling of this Bill. It is also a completely unaffordable exercise, and the Civilian Secretariat has acknowledged both these concerns.

According to the South African Constitution, Section 10, “everyone has inherent dignity and the right to have their dignity respected and protected” and Section 12(2)b and c, “to security in and control over their body; and (c) not to be subjected to medical or scientific experiments without their informed consent”. Furthermore, Section 14(a) stipulates that “everyone has the right to privacy, which includes the right not to have — (a) their person or home searched”.

The DA is deeply troubled over the constitutionality of Minister Cele’s unnecessary proposals. While national government drags its feet on this issue, potential repeat offenders are being released back into society, while SAPS remains with no means of tracking whether these individuals are repeating the offences they were originally convicted of.

The introduction of this Bill will add impetus to our fight against Gender Based Violence. It will ensure that the time needed to convict a repeat offender is minimised, thereby serving justice to victims faster and more efficiently, while freeing up resources for SAPS to pursue more cases and convict more felons.

No DNA Record for 46 727 Schedule 8 offenders: Minister Cele must urgently send Forensic Procedures Bill to Parliament

The Democratic Alliance (DA) has today written to the Minister of Police, Bheki Cele, requesting the urgent prioritisation of the tabling of the Draft Criminal Law (Forensic Procedures) Bill. This piece of legislation presents an immediate step that can be taken in our fight against Gender Based Violence in South Africa, by providing the mechanisms needed to ensure repeat offenders are incarcerated speedily and effectively.

This Draft Bill will allow for DNA samples to continue to be taken from offenders convicted in terms of Schedule 8 of the Criminal Procedure Act, which includes sexual offenders. This would ensure that SAPS is able to speedily identify any repeat offences should these individuals be released back into society. There are currently no DNA samples recorded for over 46 000 convicted Schedule 8 offenders.

All that is required for the Bill to be gazetted and introduced in Parliament is the Minister’s signature since 2017. The Minister of Police has stated that he first wishes to gather DNA samples from all South African citizens – a step which is both unconstitutional in nature and is wholly unnecessary for the tabling of this Bill. It is also a completely unaffordable exercise, and the Civilian Secretariat has acknowledged both these concerns.

According to the South African Constitution, Section 10, “everyone has inherent dignity and the right to have their dignity respected and protected” and Section 12(2)b and c, “to security in and control over their body; and (c) not to be subjected to medical or scientific experiments without their informed consent”. Furthermore, Section 14(a) stipulates that “everyone has the right to privacy, which includes the right not to have — (a) their person or home searched”.

The DA is deeply troubled over the constitutionality of Minister Cele’s unnecessary proposals. While national government drags its feet on this issue, potential repeat offenders are being released back into society, while SAPS remains with no means of tracking whether these individuals are repeating the offences they were originally convicted of.

The introduction of this Bill will add impetus to our fight against Gender Based Violence. It will ensure that the time needed to convict a repeat offender is minimised, thereby serving justice to victims faster and more efficiently, while freeing up resources for SAPS to pursue more cases and convict more felons.

Government’s proposal to introduce a regime of prescribed assets will threaten pension savings of millions of South Africans

 The following speech was delivered in Parliament’s Debate on Prescribed Assets today.

State-owned enterprises (SOEs) pose a “very serious risk” to the fiscus, Finance Minister Tito Mboweni said.

Allow me to quote from a section of the budget speech delivered earlier this year: “Funding requests for SAA, SABC, Denel, Eskom and other financially challenged state-owned enterprises have increased, with several requesting state support just to continue operating”.

Isn’t it about time the country asks the question: “Do we still need these enterprises?'” Mboweni asked the National Assembly.

Government guarantees to state companies are at more than R450 billion ($36 billion), according to data from the National Treasury. The state’s exposure to this, increased to 64.5 % in the past fiscal year, from 54.4 % as companies drew on the guarantees.

According to a statement made by the South African Reserve Bank: “Financial stability centers around the ability of state-owned enterprises to roll over debt and achieve financial consolidation, Should state-owned enterprises fail to roll over debt, the government would be liable and might not be able to honour such debt.”

The Minister of Public Enterprises, Pravin Gordhan’s announcement in Parliament in June this year that a ‘lender’ would pay the remaining 15% of salaries, following revelations that Denel was only able to pay  85% of salaries to its staff for the month of June, was merely a temporary bandage for an entity that is on the brink of collapse.

This unidentified lender, is not a ‘get-out-of-jail-free-card’ but a temporary reprieve.

Today, Eskom Chairperson, Mr Jabu Mabuza told the Standing Committee on Appropriations that we must, and I quote “pray for luck to keep the lights on”. This from an entity that has been hollowed out by State Capture and has a debt of over R440 billion and counting.

South Africa has hundreds of SOEs, many of them are either completely dysfunctional, bankrupt, or frankly serve no purpose other than lining the pockets of the connected few. Many of the hundreds of SOEs also duplicate functions and should simply not exist in the first place. They are sucking money from the fiscus and pose a great threat to the South African economy. From bailouts to guarantees. Here is a frightening look at what SOE’s financial situation is:

  • South African Airways debt: R21.7 Billion
  • Denel’s debt: R3 Billion with two bonds due in September totalling R2.7 Billion
  • Eskom debt: R440.610 Billion

State Owned Entities are archaic in their design and they should not be being used for economic development, it does not work. The economy should be growing through supporting a free market system which gives South Africans choice, which gives South Africans opportunity and creates a conducive environment for national and international investment.

When the money is finished, it is finished. It is very easy for Billionaires to make statements that the Government Employees pension fund is taxpayers’ money anyway.  3.5 million South Africans have worked their whole lives as civil servants and now face the risk of destitution in their old age.

It is very easy to be a socialist with other people’s money.  It is very easy to have communist leanings when you have millions of other people’s Rands to play with.  The fact of the matter is this, it is our job to be the custodians of the South African coffers.  Simple economics dictate that you cannot spend more than you have without dire consequences.

You cannot grow an economy when you are held ransom by unions who cripple SOE’s when they feel their demands are not met. You cannot grow the economy when your energy supply is not completely secure, and you cannot grow the economy by pouring billions and billions of Rands into failing entities.

South Africans are literally starving for change. 10 million South Africans are unemployed. South Africans do not have homes, water, electricity, basic services, our schooling system is rated as one of the worst in the world, our crime rate is out of control, we have proved, beyond reasonable doubt, that State Capture happened and in many instances is still happening…but we expect South Africans to fork out billions and billions of Rands to bailout these failing entities. It is an absolute disgrace and is simply not condonable, no matter what your political ideology is, nor what your political background is – government has risked billions on unproductive and inefficient parastatals.

Now is not the time to throw money at the problem, now is the time to trim the fat. We cannot afford to continue with the status quo, where a government spends billions on bailing out SOE’s instead of spending money on job creation initiatives and service delivery.

It is time to be pragmatic, and to stop playing politics. SOEs represent some of the biggest monopolies in the South African economy, and by conducting a comprehensive review, government would be providing citizens with a clear indication that they are willing to start the process of structural change to protect our economy from further financial losses.

We cannot be sentimental about SOEs when they add little to no value to the people of South Africa and the economy. The country is in crisis, it therefore requires urgent reforms, and the absolute protection from having pension funds looted in a new structure of State Capture.